Nepal is a sovereign
independent kingdom situated on the southern slopes of the mid-Himalayas,
the formidable range of eternal shows. It is located between
26o22' and 30o27' north latitude and 80o4'
and 80o12' east longitude.
Total land area
is 147,181 square kilometers, and its borders are contiguous
with the Indian border in the west, south and east and with
Tibetan autonomous region of the People's Republic of China
in the north.
limits are as follows:
In the east, the
Mechi River and Singallia ridge separate the country from Sikkim
and West Bengal.
In the south, the
boundary pillars and about nine meters of no-man's land on either
side demarcate the Nepalese territory from the Indian states
of West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
In the west Mahakali
River is the natural border separating the Kingdom from Uttar
boundary merges with the Tibet Autonomous region of the People's
Republic of China. Nepal is a land-locked country, the nearest
seacoast being 1,127 kilometers away in India.
The major part of
the country is of high mountains and rolling hills. It accounts
for about 83% of the total land and the plain of Terai occupies
the remaining 17%. Altitude varies from 152 meters above the
sea level in the Terai in the south to 8848 meters in the north